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Title: Clinicopathological evaluation of Marjolin ulcers over two decades
Authors: Oruç, Melike
Kankaya, Yüksel
Sungur, Nezih
Özer, Kadri
Işık, Veysel Murat
Ulusoy, M. Gürhan
Koçer, Uğur
Keywords: Ulcer
Squamous cell carcinoma
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier Taiwan
Abstract: Malignant changes arising on the previously traumatized or chronically inflamed skin are defined as Marjolin ulcers. They can develop on many different lesions but frequently they are detected on burn scars. Histopathologically, Marjolin ulcers are mostly diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma and they need special attention when especially located on the lower extremities. In this study, 63 patients treated for Marjolin ulcers between January 2000 and March 2015 were evaluated according to etiology, histological differentiation, primary tumor size, patient age and anatomical localization. Medical records of these patients were reviewed retrospectively. Mean age was 49.7 years. Average interval between the first injury and carcinoma development was 37.9 years. Most frequent etiologic factor was burn scars with 82.5%. Foot was the most frequently affected site with 28.6% and scalp was the second most frequent localization with 25.4%. Squamous cell carcinomas were detected in 88.9% of the patients and basal cell carcinomas were detected in 11.1% of the patients. For treatment, excision and grafting was performed for 48 patients (76.2%), excision and local flaps were used for 10 patients (15.9%) and excision and free flaps were used for five patients (7.9%). Regional lymph node dissection was performed for 12 patients (19%). Average follow up period was 46.5 months. Local recurrences were detected in nine patients (14.3%). In conclusion, Marjolin ulcers are aggressive tumors that require special care. In order to prevent life threatening sequelas of this entity, it is important to know basic aspects of clinical progress, prognostic factors and treatment modalities. Copyright (C) 2017, Kaohsiung Medical University. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC.
ISSN: 1607-551X
Appears in Collections:Cerrahi Tıp Bilimleri Bölümü / Department of Surgical Sciences
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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