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Title: Plasma Polymerization Modified Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Membrane Development and Characterization for Degumming of Soybean Oil
Authors: Ulusoy, Baran Önal
Tur, Eren
Akdoğan, Ebru
Mutlu, Mehmet
Keywords: soybean crude oil-hexane miscella
ultrafiltration membrane separation
plasma modified polyvinylidene fluoride (pvdf)
Issue Date: Oct-2014
Publisher: Springer
Source: Onal?Ulusoy, B., Tur, E., Akdoğan, E., & Mutlu, M. (2014). Plasma polymerization modified polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane development and characterization for degumming of soybean oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 91(10), 1813-1822.
Abstract: Unmodified and surface-modified polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes were tested for their ability to degum soybean crude oil and crude oil miscellas. The membrane was modified with 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol or hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) by radio-frequency plasma polymerization at 10-100 W glow discharge power and 1-30 min contact time. The membranes were characterized by contact angle measurements, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Modification of the PVDF membrane with HMDSO at 60 W power for 5 min increased the interfacial free energy between water and solid surface from 30 +/- A 2 to 64 +/- A 2 mJ/m(2). This membrane was tested for permeate flux and phospholipid rejection with crude oil and different concentrations of miscella. Although formation of the polymer film on the membrane tended to decrease membrane pore size, the modified membrane had an oil flux as good as the unmodified membrane did. In addition, the modified-membrane improved the phospholipid rejection and removed 76 % of the phospholipids from the crude oil and 81-90 % of the phospholipids from crude oil miscellas.
ISSN: 0003-021X
Appears in Collections:Biyomedikal Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Biomedical Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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