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Title: Assessment of Tear Meniscus Dimensions Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in Vitamin D Deficiency in a Pediatric Population
Authors: Ören, Burak
Erboğa, Çağlar
Kocaay, Funda
Öztürk, Yücel
Bilak, Şemsettin
Özkoyuncu Kocabaş, Dilara
Ballı, Hacı
Keywords: dry eye syndrome
tear meniscus area
tear meniscus height
vitamin D deficiency
Dry Eye Syndrome
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag Kg
Abstract: Background To investigate of the effect of vitamin D (Vit-D) deficiency on the tear film in children and compare it with that of healthy subjects.Methods This prospective and cross-sectional study comprised 75 eyes of children who had Vit-D deficiency (Group 1) and 85 eyes of age- and gender-matched healthy children (Group 2). The tear-film break-up time (TF-BUT) and Schirmer test values, as well as the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores, were recorded for the participants in all groups. Measurement of the tear meniscus area (TMA) and tear meniscus height (TMH) was performed 2 times in the same day via the use of anterior segment-optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).Results The mean age of the participants in Group 1 was 12.42 +/- 3.40 years, while in Group 2, it was 12.59 +/- 2.32 years (p = 0.758). Group 1 comprised 43 females and 32 males, while Group 2 comprised 44 females and 41 males (p = 0.250). The mean TMH, TMA, and Schirmer test values were found to be significantly lower in children with Vit-D deficiency (Group 1) than in healthy children (Group 2), with p < 0.05 for all the values. It was concluded that there was no significant difference in the values for the mean TF-BUT and OSDI scores (p = 0.029 and p = 0.596, respectively).Conclusion The children with Vit-D deficiency exhibited lower TMH, TMA, and Schirmer test values. The alterations that were observed in these parameters were more prominent in the participants who had lower Vit-D levels.
Description: Article; Early Access
ISSN: 0023-2165
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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