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Title: Brain aluminium accumulation and oxidative stress in the presence of calcium silicate dental cements
Authors: Demirkaya, K.
Can, Demirdöğen Birsen
Torun, Z. Öncel
Erdem, Onur
Çırak, E.
Tunca, Y. M.
Keywords: dental cement
superoxide dismutase
mineral trioxide aggregate
glutathione peroxidase
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Source: Demirkaya, K., Demirdöğen, B. C., Torun, Z. Ö., Erdem, O., Çırak, E., & Tunca, Y. M. (2017). Brain aluminium accumulation and oxidative stress in the presence of calcium silicate dental cements. Human & experimental toxicology, 36(10), 1071-1080.
Abstract: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a calcium silicate dental cement used for various applications in dentistry. This study was undertaken to test whether the presence of three commercial brands of calcium silicate dental cements in the dental extraction socket of rats would affect the brain aluminium (Al) levels and oxidative stress parameters. Right upper incisor was extracted and polyethylene tubes filled with MTA Angelus, MTA Fillapex or Theracal LC, or left empty for the control group, were inserted into the extraction socket. Rats were killed 7, 30 or 60 days after operation. Brain tissues were obtained before killing. Al levels were measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels, catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were determined using spectrophotometry. A transient peak was observed in brain Al level of MTA Angelus group on day 7, while MTA Fillapex and Theracal LC groups reached highest brain Al level on day 60. Brain TBARS level, CAT, SOD and GPx activities transiently increased on day 7 and then returned to almost normal levels. This in vivo study for the first time indicated that initial washout may have occurred in MTA Angelus, while element leaching after the setting is complete may have taken place for MTA Fillapex and Theracal LC. Moreover, oxidative stress was induced and antioxidant enzymes were transiently upregulated. Further studies to search for oxidative neuronal damage should be done to completely understand the possible toxic effects of calcium silicate cements on the brain.
ISSN: 0960-3271
Appears in Collections:Biyomedikal Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Biomedical Engineering
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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