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Title: Turkey and the Kurdish Question: Last Exit Before the Bridge
Authors: Özpek, Burak Bilgehan
Mutluer, Oğuzhan
Keywords: PKK
Kurdish Question
Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Kurdistan
Turkish Foreign Policy
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
Source: Özpek, B. B., & Mutluer, O. (2016). Turkey and the Kurdish Question: Last Exit Before the Bridge. Iran and the Caucasus, 20(1), 127-141.
Abstract: The Justice and Development Party (AKP) government initiated a peace process with the Kurds in January 2013 to become the first government since 1984 to systematically negotiate with the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) instead of using the military against them. Nevertheless, a bloody war restarted after AKP lost its majority in the parliament due to the Kurdish backed Peoples' Democratic Party's (HDP) success in the 7 June 2015 elections. In the coalition negotiation process, the AKP, which is under the strict control of Erdogan, did not make a serious offer to any of the opposition parties, and Erdogan did not mandate other parties to form a coalition government. Thus, holding a snap election remained the only option. Erdogan's strategy to attract the nationalist voters worked, and the AKP re-gained the overall majority in the parliament by receiving the nationalist votes again. Nevertheless, this was a Pyrrhic victory for the AKP. In addition to the domestic polarization, the new AKP government has needed to deal with the Kurdish Question, which has turned into armed conflict since the 7 June elections, along with re-formulating its relations with the allies of the PKK in Northern Syria and in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Furthermore, increasing activism in the ISIS issue and the "jet crisis" experienced with Russia seems to have complicated Turkey's foreign policy and compelled the AKP to revise its approach towards the Kurdish Question.
ISSN: 1609-8498
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
Siyaset Bilimi ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Bölümü / Department of Political Science and International Relations
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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