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Title: Critical decision making for rehabilitation of hydroelectric power plants
Authors: Çelebioğlu, Kutay
Aylı, Ece
Ulucak, Oğuzhan
Aradağ, Selin
Westerman, Jerry
Keywords: Reverse engineering
Francis turbine
performance estimation
transient simulation
Francis Turbine
Performance Improvement
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Abstract: Due to their diminishing performance, reliability, and maintenance requirements, there has been a rise in the demand for the restoration and renovation of old hydroelectric power facilities in recent decades. Prior to initiating a rehabilitation program, it is crucial to establish a comprehensive understanding of the power plant's current state. Failure to do so may result in unnecessary expenses with minimal or no improvements. This article presents a systematic rehabilitation methodology specifically tailored for Francis turbines, encompassing a methodological approach for condition assessment, performance testing, and evaluation of rehabilitation potential using site measurements and CFD analysis, and a comprehensive decision-making process. To evaluate the off-design performance of the turbines, a series of simulations are conducted for 40 different flow rate and head combinations, generating a hill chart for comprehensive evaluation. Various parameters that significantly impact the critical decision-making process are thoroughly investigated. The validity of the reverse engineering-based CFD methodology is verified, demonstrating a minor difference of 0.41% and 0.40% in efficiency and power, respectively, between the RE runner and actual runner CFD results. The optimal efficiency point is determined at a flow rate of 35.035 m(3)/s, achieving an efficiency of 94.07%, while the design point exhibits an efficiency of 93.27% with a flow rate of 38.6 m(3)/s. Cavitation is observed in the turbine runner, occupying 27% of the blade suction area at 110% loading. The developed rehabilitation methodology equips decision-makers with essential information to prioritize key issues and determine whether a full-scale or component-based rehabilitation program is necessary. By following this systematic approach, hydroelectric power plants can efficiently address the challenges associated with aging Francis turbines and optimize their rehabilitation efforts.
ISSN: 1556-7036
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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