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Title: Talon cannulated compression device as an alternative in the fixation of acetabulum posterior column fractures: A biomechanical study
Authors: Sibar, Kemal
Alemdaroğlu, Kadir Bahadır
Erbay Elibol, Fatma Kübra
Çalışkan, Özde Irem
Demir, Teyfik
Keywords: Talon screw
Cannulated screw
Posterior column fracture
Acetabular fracture
Axial loading
Static loading
Maximum torque
Dynamic loading
Percutaneous Fixation
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Abstract: To compare the amount of displacement and rigidity at the fracture line under static & dynamic axial loading and torsional stress of conventional cannulated screw (CS), plate screw fixation including inter-fragmentary screw (PL), and talon cannulated compression device or talon screw in other words (TS) in posterior column fracture models. Synthetic hemipelvis bone models presenting a posterior column fracture were used in this study. Group PL, CS, and TS were created with ten bone models prepared for each group for dynamic and static loading tests and another ten for torsional tests. Rigidity and displacement amounts before and after loading were measured at the reference points AL, BL, and CL, located at the acetabulum's top, middle, and bottom, respectively. Torsional tests for each group were used to calculate torsional rigidity and maximum torque values. In dynamic axial loading tests, Group CS showed more displacement than PL at the BL point (p = 0,032) and Group TS at AL (p = 0,032) and CL (p = 0,004) points. In static axial loading tests, Group CS significantly displaced more than TS at AL and CL points (p = 0,05 and p = 0,014, respectively). Group PL and Group TS exhibited similar behavior in dynamic, static axial loading tests and torsional rigidity. The maximum torque that Group PL could withstand was statistically significantly higher than the other two groups (p <0,001). Talon cannulated screws had promising results in posterior column fractures of the acetabulum, which may decline the need for open surgery for stable fixation.
ISSN: 0020-1383
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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