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Title: Could Corneal Densitometry be a Progression Criterion for Subclinical Keratoconus?
Authors: Kiziltoprak, H.
Tekin, K.
Atesoglu, H.I.
Kocabas, D.O.
Koc, M.
Toker, M.I.
Keywords: Densitometry
subclinical keratoconus
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Kare Publishing
Abstract: Objectives: The objective of this study is to investigate the changes in topometry, tomography, and corneal densitometry in subclinical keratoconus (SK) at the 6-month interval. Methods: The clinical keratoconus and SK groups included 25 eyes; the control group included 22 eyes from 22 patients. Corneal topographic, tomographic, topometric, and densitometric values obtained using the Pentacam HR imaging system were analyzed. Results: Posterior elevation (PE), Keratoconus index (KI), index of height asymmetry (IHA), index of height decentration (IHD), Dp, Da, Final D, maximum pachymetric progression index (PPImax), and maximum Ambrósio relational thickness parameters showed significant changes between the baseline and the 6th-month follow-up in SK group (p<0.05 for all values). There were significant changes in all zones except a central layer of 6–10 zone, anterior, and central layer of 10–12 zone between the baseline and the 6th-month follow-up in the SK group (p<0.05, for all values). The changes in mean±standard deviation of KI, IHA, IHD, PPImax parameters, and corneal densitometry values of the posterior layer of 0–2 mm and 2–6 mm zones were significant in the SK group compared to the controls (p<0.05, for all values). Conclusion: PE, KI, IHA, IHD, and PPImax parameters as well as increasing corneal light backscatter of the posterior central layer might be useful for follow-up of progression of SK. New multimeric parameters created by combinations of topometric, tomographic, and corneal densitometry parameters could be the future of SK follow-up. ©Copyright 2023 by Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital - Available online at OPEN ACCESS.
ISSN: 2459-1777
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection

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