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Title: Choroidal vascularity index and choroidal thickness assessment in vitiligo
Authors: Ören, Burak
Kızıltoprak, Hasan
Düzayak, Serkan
Özkoyuncu Kocabaş, Dilara
Keywords: Choroidal thickness
choroidal vascularity index
optical coherence tomography
Ocular Findings
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Abstract: Background: To evaluate structural changes in the choroid by measuring choroidal thickness and vascularity index using optical coherence tomography in patients with vitiligo and comparing them to healthy subjects. Methods: This study included 168 participants: 84 with vitiligo (30 females, 54 males) and 84 controls (36 females, 48 males). Choroidal thickness and vascularity index were measured using the enhanced depth imaging mode in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. The choroidal thickness was measured at the following five points; subfoveal (SF), 500 mu m (NCT1) and 1000 mu m (NCT2) nasal to the fovea; and 500 mu m (TCT1) and 1000 mu m (TCT2) temporal to the fovea. The choroidal vascularity index was calculated using the ImageJ software. Results: SF (p < 0.001), NCT1 (p < 0.001), NCT2 (p = 0.021), TCT1 (p = 0.001), and TCT2 (p < 0.006) choroidal thicknesses were significantly smaller in the vitiligo group than in the control group. Total choroidal (p < 0.001) and stromal (p < 0.001) areas were significantly smaller in the vitiligo group than in the control group. Choroidal vascularity indices were significantly higher in the vitiligo group than in the control group (p < 0.001). However, luminal areas did not differ significantly between groups (p = 0.935). Conclusion: Patients with vitiligo should be regularly monitored for choroidal alterations and, if necessary, referred to an ophthalmologist.
ISSN: 0816-4622
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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