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Title: Modifying NiTi shape memory alloys to reduce nickel ions release through ethylenediamine plasma polymerization for biomedical applications
Authors: Durukan, B.K.
Sagdic, K.
Kockar, B.
Inci, F.
Keywords: Biomedical applications
Ethylenediamine (EDA)
Nickel (Ni2+) ion release
Plasma polymerization
Shape memory alloys
Smart materials
Binary alloys
Functional polymers
Intelligent materials
Medical applications
Plasma polymerization
Shape-memory alloy
Titanium alloys
Biomedical applications
Ethylene diamine
Ion release
Medical implants
Nickel (ni2+) ion release
Nickel ion release
Nitinol alloy
Nitinol shape memory alloy
Issue Date: 2024
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Shape memory alloys (SMAs)—a type of smart materials— offer unique benefits for constructing unique medical implants, especially for heart stents, vertebral nails, and braces. One of the widespread SMAs is nitinol (NiTi) which exhibits extraordinary shape memory ability to recover its initial form. However, due to the result of nickel (Ni2+) ions release, long-term usage of NiTi alloys would pose allergic and carcinogenic risks in orthopedics and clinical applications. To tackle these hurdles, we here demonstrate a surface modification technique via plasma polymerization in order to minimize Ni2+ ions release. NiTi substrates were initially exploited by plasma polymerization of ethylenediamine (EDA) with varying power values (25–50–75-100 W) and time rates (5–10-15 min) in order to assess the most efficient parameters for minimal toxic metal release. The samples were then tested for 14 days in a biomimicked media. As a result, 75 W-10 min plasma polymerized sample reduced Ni2+ ions release by 57.18 % compared to the base specimen. These results offer a significant outcome in deploying NiTi alloys into the biomedical field more safely through surface modifications using the plasma polymerization technique. © 2024 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 0300-9440
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection

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