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Title: Topometric and Tomographic Evaluation of Subclinical Keratoconus
Authors: Koç, Mustafa
Tekin, Kemal
Kızıltoprak, Hasan
İnanç, Merve
Kösekahya, Pınar
Özülken, Kemal
Durukan, İrfan
Keywords: Keratoconus
subclinical keratoconus
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd
Source: Koc, M., Tekin, K., Kiziltoprak, H., Inanc, M., Kosekahya, P., Ozulken, K., & Durukan, I. (2020). Topometric and Tomographic Evaluation of Subclinical Keratoconus. Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 1-9.
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the corneal topometric and tomographic findings that can be used in the diagnosis of subclinical keratoconus. Methods: A retrospective cohort study. The study group was selected from patients with clinically evident keratoconus in one eye and subclinical keratoconus without evident topographic findings in fellow eye. The age-matched control group was selected from patients who were candidates for laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and did not develop ectasia after LASIK surgery at least 1-year follow-up. All subjects underwent topographic, topometric and tomographic (Belin-Ambrósio Enhanced Ectasia Display III) analyses via a Pentacam HR rotating Scheimpflug camera (Oculus, Germany, version 1.20r.98) before LASIK surgery. Results: The study group consisted of 151 patients (69 male and 82 female, mean age of 24.8 ± 7.2 years) and the control group also consisted of 150 patients (70 male and 80 female, mean age of 26.0 ± 6.3 years). There were statistically significant differences in all measured topometric (p?.05) and tomographic (p?.001) parameters between the eyes with subclinical keratoconus and those of the control group. In discriminating eyes with subclinical keratoconus from normal eyes, final D showed the highest area under curve value (0.858, sensitivity 85.2%, specificity 66.7%), followed by maximum pachymetric progression index (0.809, sensitivity 81.9%, specificity 69.4%) and average pachymetric progression index (0.796, sensitivity 81.9%, specificity 68.1%) in receiver operating characteristic analysis. Conclusion: Topometric and tomographic parameters might be useful for early detection of keratoconus, but the sensitivity and specificity of any parameter are not high enough to be used alone.
ISSN: 0928-6586
Appears in Collections:Cerrahi Tıp Bilimleri Bölümü / Department of Surgical Sciences
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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