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Title: Zones optimized multilevel diffractive lens for polarization-insensitive light focusing
Authors: Yıldırım, Bumin K.
Bor, Emre
Kurt, Hamza
Turduev, Mirbek
Keywords: Diffractive lenses
polarization insensitive focusing
microwave experiment
multilevel diffractive lens
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Source: Yildirim, B. K., Bor, E., Kurt, H., and Turduev, M. (2020). Zones optimized multilevel diffractive lens for polarization-insensitive light focusing. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 53(49), 495109.
Abstract: In this study, we present the numerical design and experimental demonstration of an all-dielectric low refractive index polarization-insensitive multilevel diffractive lens (MDL) at microwave frequencies. The proposed MDL structure is composed of concentric rings (zones) having different widths and heights. Here, the heights and widths of each dielectric concentric rings of lens structure are optimized by using the differential evolution (DE) algorithm to obtain the desired polarization-insensitive focusing performance. The DE method is incorporated with the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method to design an MDL structure and evaluate its wave focusing ability. The design frequency is fixed to 10 GHz and, at the design frequency, the DE method is applied to achieve light focusing with the full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) values of 0.654 lambda and 0.731 lambda for transverse-magnetic (TM) and transverse-electric (TE) polarizations, respectively, where lambda is the wavelength of incident light in free space. Moreover, focusing efficiencies and numerical apertures are calculated as 60.3% and 0.853 at the design frequency, respectively, for both polarizations. Besides, experimental verifications of the numerical results are carried out in microwave regime where the MDL design is fabricated by 3D printing technology by using a polylactic acid material. In the microwave experiments, MDL focuses the TM and TE polarized waves at the focal distances of 71.82 mm and 69.3 mm with the FWHM values of 0.701 lambda and 0.887 lambda, respectively. We believe that the proposed design approach can be further expanded to design low refractive index lenses for visible and near-infrared wavelengths.
ISSN: 0022-3727
Appears in Collections:Elektrik ve Elektronik Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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