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Title: An economic analysis of tobacco elimination policies in Turkey
Authors: Arslanhan, Selin
Caner, Asena
Helvacioğlu, Kerem
Sağlam, İsmail
Teksoz, Tuncay
Keywords: Cigarette consumption
Anti-smoking policies
Health expenditures
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Abstract: Objective: We aim to evaluate the costs and benefits of various tobacco elimination policies, specifically, an immediate taxation option and eight tax-combined long-term cessation programs. Methods: We combine demographic projections for the period 2012-2050 with incidence and mortality rates of four major cigarette related diseases, price elasticity of cigarette demand and unit costs of nonprice measures to reduce demand in order to estimate the net present discounted values of policy alternatives. Results: The tax-combined cessation programs yield lower net costs to households and the society when they phase out smoking earlier. However, immediate taxation option is found to be superior, for both households and the society, to all tax-combined cessation programs irrespective of the duration of intervention. While all policies are estimated to yield significant reductions in the expected number of smoking related diseases and deaths, a class-based 20-year intervention is found to be the most effective program. Conclusions: Although immediate taxation policy and tax-combined class-based 20-year intervention program emerge as the best tobacco elimination policies for the society, more research is needed on assessing the cost-effectiveness, applicability and social desirability of these alternatives and on designing additional policies to overcome their limitations. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0168-8510
Appears in Collections:İktisat Bölümü / Department of Economics
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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