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Title: Correlations between microstructure and crystallization of the fluorinated terpolymer of tetrafluoroethylene, hexafluoropropylene, and vinylidene fluoride
Authors: Ok, Salim
Hartmann, Brigitte
Duran, Hatice
Eickmeier, Henning
Haase, Markus
Scheler, Ulrich
Steinhart, Martin
Keywords: F-19 NMR spectroscopy
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Random THV terpolymers consisting of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE), hexafluoropropylene (HFP), and vinylidene fluoride (VDF) are viable alternatives to polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) combining excellent chemical stability and thermoplastic processability. Although the properties of THV may be modified by crystallization, little is known on how crystallization is influenced by the chain microstructure of THV. We analyzed the chain microstructure of THV-221G by solid-state F-19 NMR spectroscopy under fast magic angle spinning, revealing that THV-221G contains 43.8 mol % TFE, 46.0 mol % VDF, and 10.2 mol % HFP. Sequence analysis revealed that the TFE units are preferentially located next to other TFE units. The HFP units, which are obstacles to crystallization because of their bulky CF3 side groups, are preferentially located next to VDF units. WAXS measurements correspondingly revealed the presence of THV-221G crystals with PTFE-like packing and of further THV-221G crystal populations with widened d-spacings caused by the incorporation of certain amounts of HFP units into the THV-221G crystals. Under confinement imposed by the cylindrical nanopores of self-ordered alumina, the THV-221G melting point decreased with decreasing pore diameter. Although direct impingement of the growing THV-221G crystals on the pore walls is unlikely, the geometric confinement limits the access of growing THV-221G crystals to crystallizable THV-221G chain segments. (c) 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2019, 57, 1402-1408
ISSN: 0887-6266
Appears in Collections:Malzeme Bilimi ve Nanoteknoloji Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Material Science & Nanotechnology Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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