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Title: Inherited Thrombophilia in Pediatric Ischemic Stroke: An Egyptian Study
Authors: Shatla, Hamed M.
Tomoum, Hoda Y.
Elsayed, Solaf M.
Aly, Rasha H.
Shatla, Rania H.
İsmail, Mona A.
Nejat, Akar M.
Keywords: [No Keywords]
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Abstract: Pediatric stroke is relatively uncommon, with often subtle clinical presentations. Numerous predisposing risk factors can be both inherited and acquired, including cardiac disease, vascular abnormalities, infectious diseases, collagen tissue diseases, inborn errors of metabolism, anticardiolipin antibody, lupus anticoagulant, deficiencies of protein C, protein S, antithrombin, or plasminogen, and prothrombotic mutations. We explored risk factors, clinical features, and neuroimaging among Egyptian children with ischemic stroke, and estimated the prevalence of inherited thrombophilia. We included 20 children with ischemic stroke, recruited from the Pediatric Neurology Outpatient Clinic (Ain Shams University). Basic clinical evaluations for stroke and genotyping for factor V 1691 G-A (factor V Leiden), prothrombin 20210 G-A mutations, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677 C-T polymorphisms were performed using real-time polymerase chain reaction, with fluorescent melting curve detection analysis. Ten patients (50%) manifested methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphisms (six homozygotes and four heterozygotes). Heterozygous factor V Leiden was present in five (25%), whereas prothrombin mutation was present in only one (5%). Five patients (25%) manifested combined prothrombotic abnormalities. Thirteen demonstrated evidence of inherited thrombophilic disorder; 25% manifested more than one mutation. For appropriate risk assessment, even in the presence of overt acquired thrombotic risk factors, physicians should request complete thrombophilia screening for patients with stroke. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0887-8994
Appears in Collections:Dahili Tıp Bilimleri Bölümü / Department of Internal Medical Sciences
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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