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Title: Ottoman travelers' perceptions of Africa in the Late Ottoman Empire (1860-1922): A discussion of civilization, colonialism and race
Authors: Palabiyik, Mustafa Serdar
Keywords: Travel
Ottoman Empire
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Homer Academic Publ House
Abstract: The Ottoman encounter with European colonialism over their African territories during the nineteenth century contributed to a renewed interest in Africa and its inhabitants. This resulted in several official and non-official travels to this continent at the end of which the travelers published their memoirs. This article intends to analyze Ottoman perceptions of Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century by drawing upon Ottoman travelogues. It concludes that the travelers established paradoxical accounts regarding the implications of European colonialism for Africa and the ethnic taxonomy of the African people. They perceived European colonialism as a civilizing mechanism on the one hand, and treated it as the most significant reason of African "backwardness" on the other. Similarly, while they criticized the European colonial discourse based on the superiority of the white race over others, they established similar ethnic taxonomies establishing hierarchies among African tribes.
ISSN: 1305-3299
Appears in Collections:Siyaset Bilimi ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Bölümü / Department of Political Science and International Relations
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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