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Title: Preparation and characterization of cost effective spray pyrolyzed absorber layer for thin film solar cells
Authors: Demirci Sankır, Nurdan
Aydın, Erkan
Ünver, Hülya
Uluer, Ezgi
Parlak, Mehmet
Keywords: Copper indium sulfide
Ultrasonic spray pyrolysis
Chalcopyrite film
Solar cells
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Abstract: In this study, highly (1 1 2) oriented crystalline copper indium disulfide (CuInS2) thin films with high mobility have been deposited via ultrasonic spray pyrolysis. Structural and electrical properties of CuInS2 thin films were examined to utilize them in solar cell applications. Various amounts of precursor solution ranging from 0.25 to 2.02 ml/cm(2) were used to form CuInS2 thin films onto the soda lime glass substrates. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed that all sprayed films were pin-hole and crack free. Atomic percent ratios of the Cu/In and S/In were very close to the targeted stoichiometric ratios of 1/1 and 2/1, respectively. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies revealed that all the deposited films were polycrystalline and exhibiting the chalcopyrite structure. Optical band gap energy of the films were calculated as 2.85 eV and decreased to 1.40 eV by increasing the solution loading. Hopping mechanism could be considered as the dominant conduction mechanism in the studied temperature range. Carrier concentrations in CuInS2 films were ranging between 10(15) and 10(17) cm(-3). Mobility and the carrier concentration of the CuInS2 thin films deposited from 1.52 ml/cm(2) solution loading were 40.1 cm(2)/V s and 1.69 x 10(17), respectively. At last but not least, the amount of solution used in this study to form CuInS2 thin films was one of the lowest values reported in the literature. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0038-092X
Appears in Collections:Malzeme Bilimi ve Nanoteknoloji Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Material Science & Nanotechnology Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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