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Title: Proton exchange membrane for DMFC and H-2/air fuel cells: Synthesis and characterization of partially fluorinated disulfonated poly(arylene ether benzonitrile) copolymers
Authors: Sankır, Mehmet
Kim, Yu Seung
Pivovar, Bryan S.
McGrath, James E.
Keywords: proton exchange membrane
direct methanol fuel cell
poly(arylene ether sulfone)
poly(arylene ether benzonitrile)
disulfonated random copolymers
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Partially fluorinated disulfonated poly(arylene ether benzonitrile) random or statistical copolymers were synthesized by direct nucleophilic substitution copolymerization reactions. The 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile and 3,3'-disulfonated 4,4'-difluorodiphenyl sulfone (SDFDPS) and controlled amounts of 4,4'-biphenol and hexafluoroisopropylidene diphenol (hexafluorobisphenol A, 6F) were used to produce partially fluorinated disulfortated copolymers with various degrees of fluorination (0-100 mol% 6F). NMR analysis coupled with titration of sulfonated moieties confirmed both chemical structure and copolymer composition. The copolymers produced ductile films and intrinsic viscosity analyses indicated high molecular weight copolymers were obtained. Several basic PEM parameters such as water uptake, proton conductivity and methanol permeabilities were controlled and presented as tunable properties which were a function of molecular structure. This was achieved by controlling of the chemical composition. Water uptake of membranes and cell resistance of MEAs were lowered by partial fluorination. The influence of this on desirably improving the interface in direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC)s was demonstrated. A delamination failure mechanism was proposed for the hydrocarbon membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) due to the large difference between water uptake of the catalyst layer and membrane and this was verified by a reduction in high frequency resistance (HFR) and enhanced durability for the partially fluorinated systems. A new term defined as water uptake corrected relative selectivity was introduced which better correlated with DMFC performance. Expression of the ion exchange capacity (IEC) on a volume basis was described and is suggested as an improvement relative to the usual weight basis analysis. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0376-7388
Appears in Collections:Malzeme Bilimi ve Nanoteknoloji Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Material Science & Nanotechnology Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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