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Title: SAR image reconstruction by expectation maximization based matching pursuit
Authors: Uğur, Salih
Arıkan, Orhan
Gürbüz, A. Cafer
Keywords: Synthetic Aperture Radar
Expectation Maximization based Matching
Pursuit algorithm
Compressed sensing
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
Abstract: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) provides high resolution images of terrain and target reflectivity. SAR systems are indispensable in many remote sensing applications. Phase errors due to uncompensated platform motion degrade resolution in reconstructed images. A multitude of autofocusing techniques has been proposed to estimate and correct phase errors in SAR images. Some autofocus techniques work as a post-processor on reconstructed images and some are integrated into the image reconstruction algorithms. Compressed Sensing (CS), as a relatively new theory, can be applied to sparse SAR image reconstruction especially in detection of strong targets. Autofocus can also be integrated into CS based SAR image reconstruction techniques. However, due to their high computational complexity, CS based techniques are not commonly used in practice. To improve efficiency of image reconstruction we propose a novel CS based SAR imaging technique which utilizes recently proposed Expectation Maximization based Matching Pursuit (EMMP) algorithm. EMMP algorithm is greedy and computationally less complex enabling fast SAR image reconstructions. The proposed EMMP based SAR image reconstruction technique also performs autofocus and image reconstruction simultaneously. Based on a variety of metrics, performance of the proposed EMMP based SAR image reconstruction technique is investigated. The obtained results show that the proposed technique provides high resolution images of sparse target scenes while performing highly accurate motion compensation. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1051-2004
Appears in Collections:Elektrik ve Elektronik Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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