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Title: Unusual behavior of dynamic hydrogen generation from sodium borohydride
Authors: Sankır, Mehmet
Serin, Ramis Berkay
Semiz, Levent
Demirci Sankır, Nurdan
Keywords: Dynamic hydrogen generation rate
Sodium borohydride concentrations
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Abstract: In this study, for the first time, hydrogen gas generation rate is dynamically measured by transferring required amount of sodium borohydride solution to maintain 1 or 2 normal liters of hydrogen gas generation per minute. Three different catalysts (iron, platinum and ruthenium) are used in order to investigate the critical catalyst concentration, catalyst amount and the rate relation and as well as the influence of the sodium borohydride concentration on the rate equations. It has been demonstrated that the linear approximation from the initial hydrogen gas generation data usually reported in the literature is not valid. Moreover, the actual rates reported here are higher and lower than the linear approximations depending on the type of the catalyst. It is about 60 percent lower than linear approximation when iron catalyst is used. Therefore, calculating hydrogen gas generation rate as NL min(-1) g(catalyst)(-1) is invalid. On the other hand, it has been observed that the rate equation may not be dependent on the amount of the sodium borohydride concentration if the highest catalytic activity is achieved. Hence, most of the rate equations in the literature are only valid for a range, which is limited to the highest catalytic activity. Additionally, it has been concluded that the amount of catalyst and sodium borohydride concentration may be optimized to observe almost 100% efficiencies. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0360-3199
Appears in Collections:Malzeme Bilimi ve Nanoteknoloji Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Material Science & Nanotechnology Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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