Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11851/8097
Title: Test of the universality of tau and mu lepton couplings in W-boson decays with the ATLAS detector
Authors: Aad, G.
Abbott, B.
Abbott, D. C.
Abud, A. Abed
Abeling, K.
Abhayasinghe, D. K.
Sultansoy, Saleh
The ATLAS Collaboration
Keywords: Parton Distributions
Pair Production
Plus Plus
Physics
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Abstract: The standard model of particle physics encapsulates our best current understanding of physics at the smallest scales. A fundamental axiom of this theory is the universality of the couplings of the different generations of leptons to the electroweak gauge bosons. The measurement of the ratio of the decay rate of W bosons to t leptons and muons, R(tau/mu), constitutes an important test of this axiom. Using 139 fb(-1) of proton-proton collisions recorded with the ATLAS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, we report a measurement of this quantity from di-leptonic tt events where the top quarks decay into a W boson and a bottom quark. We can distinguish muons originating from W bosons and those originating from an intermediate t lepton through the muon transverse impact parameter and differences in the muon transverse momentum spectra. The measured value of R(tau/mu) is 0.992 +/- 0.013 [+/- 0.007(stat) +/- 0.011(syst)] and is in agreement with the hypothesis of universal lepton couplings as postulated in the standard model. This is the only such measurement from the Large Hadron Collider, so far, and obtains twice the precision of previous measurements.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-021-01236-w
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11851/8097
ISSN: 1745-2473
1745-2481
Appears in Collections:Malzeme Bilimi ve Nanoteknoloji Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Material Science & Nanotechnology Engineering
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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