Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11851/8271
Title: Connection between the COVID-19 pandemic, war trauma reminders, perceived stress, loneliness, and PTSD in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Authors: Jeftic, Alma
İkizer, Gözde
Tuominen, Jarno
Chrona, Stavroula
Kumaga, Raisa
Keywords: Posttraumatic stress disorder
Stress
Loneliness
War trauma
Trauma reminders
COVID-19
Posttraumatic-Stress
Mental-Health
Psychological Distress
Statistical Power
Coping Strategies
Effect Size
Experiences
Population
Exposure
Adjustment
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: In order to gain a better understanding of what happens during the COVID-19 pandemic to those who were previously traumatized, this study investigated perceived stress and severity of PTSD symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic in people who experienced the 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was also examined how reminders of past trauma and loneliness instigated by the COVID-19 crisis relate to current stress and PTSD symptoms. The sample consisted of 123 participants (74.8% women). Participants responded to assessments of sociodemographic characteristics, exposure to COVID-related information, concerns over disease, severity of exposure to war, frequency and intensity of war trauma reminders, loneliness, stress, and severity of PTSD symptoms. Data was collected as part of [edited out for blind review] Global Survey. Results showed that in a population previously exposed to the effects of war, severity of PTSD symptoms was positively related to perceived stress, and loneliness during the pandemic significantly mediated this relationship. Intensity of exposure to war trauma reminders was associated with higher levels of PTSD symptom severity. Higher severity of PTSD symptoms was related to forced displacement during the war. Moreover, higher stress was related to increased concerns over disease. To conclude, those exposed to war may be more affected by the global COVID-19 pandemic and preventive measures that accompany it, while loneliness mediates the effects of PTSD and perceived stress in this population.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02407-x
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11851/8271
ISSN: 1046-1310
1936-4733
Appears in Collections:Psikoloji Bölümü / Department of Psychology
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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