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Title: Numerical evaluation of the mechanical properties of a novel expandable intramedullary nailing: A new alternative to standard interlocking nailing
Authors: Özkaya, Mustafa
Demir, Teyfik
Keywords: Intramedullary nailing
Expandable nail
Self locking nail
Femur fractures
Subtrochanteric fractures
Finite element analysis
Distal Locking Screws
Tibial Fractures
Shaft Fractures
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Abstract: Introduction: : There has been a great effort in preventing the disadvantages of distal locking in intramedullary nailing to date. From this scope, a novel expandable nail fixation eliminating distal locking screws has been designed. The primary aim of this numerical parametric study is to investigate mechanical behavior of expandable nail fixation on the fractured femur model under different contact parameters which are effective in maintaining the nail position and to specify the appropriate values of these contact parameters for a safe fixation. The second aim is to compare mechanical behavior of the expandable nail fixation with the standard interlocking nail fixation. Materials and Methods: : The expandable nail has three wedges which are responsible for distal fixation by compressing the medullary canal in the radial direction. 4th generation Sawbones femur model was used as bone model. A transverse osteotomy with 20 mm gap was created to simulate a subtrochanteric fracture. The fixations have been examined under axial compression with 1200 N and torsion with 7 Nm. In the parametric study, the tightening torque and static friction coefficient in wedge-canal contact were selected as contact parameters. The outputs were stiffnesses of the fixations, equivalent von-Mises stress distribution on the models, and load sharing between the canal and distal locking elements. Results: : The results of the parametric study showed that the model with the tightening torque of 3 Nm and friction coefficient of 0.7 was the safest. The load borne by wedges is generally prone to increase with increased tightening torque and friction coefficient. The both fixations showed close stiffness and stress values. Conclusion: : The tightening torque of the wedge locking mechanism is directly effective in maintaining the nail position constant in canal, and the safety of the fixation is better ensured with increased tightening torque but stress states on bone must be carefully evaluated. The expandable nail provided comparable results to standard interlocking nails with respect to the fixation stiffness, stress, and contact forces. The expandable nailing may be evaluated as an alternative in the fractures of long bones in the case that the numerical results are supported by future experimental studies. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0020-1383
Appears in Collections:Makine Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Mechanical Engineering
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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