Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11851/8591
Title: The Still Enlightened Late-Comers: A Comparison between the Proto-Modernist Nationalisms of Guiseppe Mazzini and Ziya Gokalp
Authors: Ongur, Hakan Övünç
Kolasi, Klevis
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Keywords: Giuseppe Mazzini
Ziya Gokalp
nationalism
modernism
enlightenment
Turkish Nationalism
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Source: Ongur, H. Ö., & Kolasi, K. (2022). The Still Enlightened “Late-Comers”: A Comparison between the Proto-Modernist Nationalisms of Guiseppe Mazzini and Ziya Gökalp. Nationalities Papers, 1-18.
Abstract: In contrast with the distorted and romanticized images reproduced by far-right narratives, we argue in this study that the constructive ideals of nation held by Italy's Giuseppe Mazzini and Turkey's Ziya Gokalp, from two later examples of European nationalism, could fit into what might be called a proto-modernism within nationalism theories. It is proposed that both Mazzini and Gokalp went through ideological transformations that made them firm opponents of German Romanticism and ardent believers of the Enlightenment, as shown in their non-exclusionary approaches to nationalism. They both rejected essentialist (religious, ethnic, racial, etc.) rationales for the backwardness of their respective countries and maintained the necessity of constructing nations that would initially provide civic equality among citizens and then aim at normative equality among nations at the civilizational level. In that sense, our analysis finds four fundamental similarities between Mazzini and Gifikalp with regard to their national ideals: loyalty to the principles of the Enlightenment, national self-determination, civic-legal equality among citizens, and normative equality among all nations.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1017/nps.2022.19
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11851/8591
ISSN: 0090-5992
1465-3923
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
Siyaset Bilimi ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Bölümü / Department of Political Science and International Relations
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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