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Title: Bioinspired Collagen/Gelatin Nanopillared Films as a Potential Implant Coating Material
Authors: Erturk, Pinar Alpaslan
Altuntas, Sevde
Irmak, Gulseren
Buyukserin, Fatih
Keywords: Collagen-gelatin nanopillar
Sharpey?s Fibers
osteogenic differentiation
implant coating
anodized alumina
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Abstract: Collagen-based Sharpey's fibers are naturally located between alveolar bone and tooth, and they have critical roles in a well-functioning tooth such as mechanical stability, facile differentiation, and disease protection. The success of Sharpey's fibers in these important roles is due to their unique location, vertical alignment with respect to tooth surface, as well as their micronanofiber architecture. Inspired by these structures, herein, we introduce the use of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide molds in a drop-casting setup to fabricate biopolymeric films possessing arrays of uniform Collagen: Gelatin (Col:Gel) nanopillars. Obtained structures have diameters of similar to 90 nm and heights of similar to 300 nm, yielding significantly higher surface roughness values compared to their flat counterparts. More importantly, the nanostructures were parallel to each other but perpendicular to the underlying film surface imitating the natural collagenous structures of Sharpey's fibers regarding nanoscale morphology, geometrical orientation, as well as biochemical content. Viability testing showed that the nanopillared Col:Gel films have high cell viabilities (over 90%), and they display significantly improved attachment (ca.similar to 2 times) and mineralization for Saos-2 cells when compared to flat Col:Gel films and Tissue Culture Polystyrene (TCPS) controls, plausibly due to their largely increased surface roughness and area. Hence, such Sharpey's fiber-inspired bioactive nanopillared Col:Gel films can be used as a dental implant coating material or tissue engineering platform with enhanced cellular and osteogenic properties.
ISSN: 2576-6422
Appears in Collections:Biyomedikal Mühendisliği Bölümü / Department of Biomedical Engineering
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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