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Title: Pituitary macroadenomas (> 3 cm) in young adulthood: Pathologic and proliferative characteristics
Authors: Öngürü, Önder
Düz, Bülent
Şimşek, Hakan
Günal, Armağan
Gönül, Engin
Keywords: Giant
Pituitary adenoma
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Termedia Publishing House Ltd
Abstract: Background: There are scarce data regarding the significance of the tumor size, hormonal activity and size of the pituitary tumor of the young; therefore, the study was designed to define the relation of the hormonal status of the large pituitary adenomas. Objective: We compared those features with tumors of the elderly (>40) with the young patients, and analyzed the clinicopathologic and proliferative features of pituitary macroadenomas in young adulthood (<= 40). Methods: 20-year archives of pituitary tumors in our clinics were reviewed and macroadenomas with diameter >= 3 cm were included in the study. We identified 46 pituitary adenomas and immunohistochemically stained them with pituitary hormones, p53 and Ki-67. Twenty-four cases were <= 40-year with an age range of 11-40 years (mean 28.0). Twenty-two cases were >40 with an age range of 44-78 years (mean 58.8). Results: In the young patient group, 15 (62.5%) were functional adenomas (6 prolactinomas, six growth hormone [GH], one adrenocorticotrophic hormone [ACTH] adenoma, two multi-hormonal [GH + ACTH]) and nine (37.5%) were either gonadotrophic or null cell adenomas. In the elderly group, five (22.7%) were functional adenomas (two adrenocorticotrophic hormone [ACTH] adenoma, one prolactinoma, one growth hormone [GH], one multihormonal [GH + ACTH]) and 17 (77.3%) were either gonadotrophic or null cell adenomas. Ki-67 proliferation index in adenomas of the young was approximately two-folds higher than the elderly (2.7% vs. 1.2%). Conclusion: In both groups, rare p53 positivity was identified. In conclusion, pituitary macroadenomas of the young show hormonal expression frequently with relatively high Ki-67 proliferation indices. (C)) 2015 Polish Neurological Society. Published by Elsevier Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0028-3843
Appears in Collections:Cerrahi Tıp Bilimleri Bölümü / Department of Surgical Sciences
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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